Bombay | India (2023)

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Feb. 14, 2023 12:40 p.m. M. Eastern Time (AP)

Indian officials raid BBC offices for Modi documentary

Indian tax officials raided the BBC's offices in New Delhi and Mumbai weeks after a documentary criticizing Britain's Prime Minister Narendra Modi was shown there. The two-part documentary explored Modi's role during the 2002 anti-Muslim riots in the western state of Gujarat. where he was Prime Minister at the time

main questions

Where is Bombay?

Mumbai is the capital ofMaharashtrastate in southwest India. It is the country's financial and commercial center and its main port on the Arabian Sea.

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When did Bombay Mumbai give back its name?

Bombay officially changed its name back to Mumbai in 1995. During the British colonial period it was known as Bombay. The name Bombay may have been an English corruption of Mumbai, or perhaps Bom Baim ("Good Harbour"), supposedly a Portuguese name for the place.

What type of climate does Mumbai have?

The climate in Mumbai is hot and humid, with monthly temperatures ranging from 33 °C (91 °F) in May to 19 °C (67 °F) in January. Cool weather prevails from December to February and hot weather from March to May. The rainy season lasts from June to September and the post-monsoon season from October to November.

Who were the first residents of Mumbai?

The Koli, an indigenous fishing tribe, were the first known inhabitants of modern-day Bombay. Paleolithic stone tools found at Kandivli in Greater Mumbai indicate that the area has been inhabited by humans for hundreds of thousands of years.


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Bombay | India (1)

Bombay, BeforeBombay, city, capital ofMaharashtraState, SouthwestIf. It is the country's financial and commercial center and its main inland portMar Arab.

Located on the Maharashtra coast, Mumbai is the most populous city in India and one of the largest and most densely populated urban areas in the world. It was built on an old settlement site and got its name from the local goddessMumba: a way ofParvati, IswifevonShiwa, one of the main deities ofHinduism– whose temple once stood in what is now the south-eastern part of the city. During the British colonial period it became known as Bombay, the name possibly an English corruption of Mumbai or perhaps Bom Baim ("Good Harbour"), supposedly a Portuguese name for the place. The name Mumbai was officially reinstated in 1995, although Bombay continued to be used in common.

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Long the center of India's cotton textile industry, Mumbai subsequently developed a highly diversified manufacturing sector that included an increasingly important information technology (IT) component. In addition, the city's commercial and financial institutions are strong and dynamic, and Mumbai is the country's financial hub. However, it suffers from some of theperennialProblems of many large, sprawling industrial cities: air uwater pollution, large areas of precarious housing and overcrowding. The last problem isaggravatedby the physical limitations of the city's insularity. Area of ​​approximately 239 square miles (619 square kilometers). Pop. (2001) 11,978,450; urban agglomeration, 16,434,386; (2011) 12,478,447; urban agglomeration, 18.414.288.

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The city of Mumbai is located on a peninsula inBombay Island, a landmass originally composed of seven offshore islandsKonkanWest coast of India. Since the 17th century, the islands have been linked to form Bombay Island through drainage and reclamation projects, as well as the construction of dams and breakwaters. To the east of the island lie the sheltered waters ofPort of Mumbai (Bombay). Bombay Island consists of a lowland area, about a quarter of which is below sea level; the level isflankedto the east and west by two parallel low ranges of hills. Colaba Point, the promontory formed at the southern end of the longest of these ridges, protects the port of Mumbai from the open sea.

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This or that? Big city vs. capital

The west ridge ends inColina Malabar, which rises 55 meters above himthe sea level, is one of the highest points in Mumbai. Between Colaba Point and Malabar Hill is the flat section ofrear shaft. On a slightly raised strip of land between the head of Back Bay and the harbor is an area called the Fort, the site of the 17th-century British fortifications (of which few remain) within and around which the city grew; The area is now mainly occupied by public and commercial offices. From the Back Bay, the country extends north to the central plain. The extreme northern part of Mumbai is occupied by a largesaline solution.

Bombay | India (7)

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The ancient city covered approximately 67 square kilometers, stretching from Colaba Point on the southern tip of Bombay Island to the areas known as Mahim and Sion on the north coast. In 1950, Mumbai expanded northward and included the large island of MumbaiSalsette, which was connected to Bombay Island by a causeway. In 1957, several suburban districts and some neighboring Salsette villages were incorporated into Greater Mumbai, the Bombay Island metropolitan area and the city itself. Since then, Greater Mumbai has continued to grow.

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Mumbai's natural beauty is unmatched by most other cities in the region. Entering the port of Mumbai from the sea reveals a magnificent panorama framed by the westGhatsmountain range on the mainland. The wide harbour, dotted with islands and dotted with the white sails of innumerable small boats, offers ships a safe haven, especially when storms lash the shoreline. The largest of the harbor islands isElephant, famous for its 8th and 9th century Hindu cave temples.

Typical trees in the city are coconut palms, mango trees, tamarinds and banyan trees. Salsette Island was once the home of wild animals such as tigers, leopards, jackals and deer, but they are no longer found there. Animal life now consists of cows, oxen, sheep, goats and other native species, as well as monkeys. Bird life includes vultures, pigeons, peacocks, cranes and ducks.


The climate in Mumbai is hot and humid. There are four seasons. Good timereignsfrom December to February and warm weather from March to May. The rainy season broughtMonsoonSouthwest winds, lasting from June to September, followed by the post-monsoon season, which lasts until October and November when the weather warms up again. Monthly average temperatures range from 33°C (91°F) in May to 19°C (67°F) in January. Annual rainfall is about 1,800 mm (70 in), with an average of 600 mm (24 in) in July alone.


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